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Astrophsyics

Projects: Past Missions

Planck Planck
Launch date: 14 May 2009
Retired: 23 October 2013
http://www.esa.int/SPECIALS/Planck/

Planck was decommissioned in 2013, but data analysis activities continue.


LISA Pathfinder/ST7 LISA Pathfinder/ST7
Launch date: 3 December 2015
Retired: 18 July 2017
http://www.cosmos.esa.int/web/lisa-pathfinder/

LISA Pathfinder was an ESA technology test mission for the eLISA/NGO mission to search for gravitational waves generated by massive objects such as black holes. NASA contributed one of two payloads, named ST-7.

LISA Pathfinder paved the way for eLISA/NGO. It tested new methods of spacecraft control and determined if laser interferometry is feasible at the level of accuracy required by eLISA/NGO.

LISA Pathfinder placed two test-masses in a nearly perfect gravitational free-fall, for controlling and measuring their motion with unprecedented accuracy. This was achieved through state-of-the-art technology comprising inertial sensors, a laser metrology system, a drag-free control system, and an ultra-precise micro-propulsion system.

All these technologies are essential not only for eLISA/NGO—they also lie at the heart of any future space-based test of Einstein's General Relativity. LISA Pathfinder was launched in 2015.

Final Launch Preparations for LISA Pathfinder: Images of Integration of LISA Pathfinder into VEGA rocket. Photo credit(s): ESA, Manuel Pedoussaut, 2015

Related Past Missions

The following missions are part of the Explorer Program, but their science is closely related to the Physics of the Cosmos Theme.

Hitomi Hitomi
Launch date: 12 February 2016
http://astro-h.isas.jaxa.jp/en/

Hitomi (formerly ASTRO-H) is an X-ray observation satellite that will explore the extreme universe, particularly high energy phenomena around black holes and supernova explosions, and clusters of galaxies filled with high-temperature plasma.

Rossi XTE RXTE
Launch date: 30 December 1995
Decommissioned: 5 January 2012
http://rxte.gsfc.nasa.gov/
Suzaku Suzaku
Launch date: 10 July 2005
http://suzaku.gsfc.nasa.gov/
Swift WMAP
Launch date: 30 June 2001
Last command received: 28 October 2010
http://wmap.gsfc.nasa.gov/

The European Space Agency LISA observatory


PCOS News

Program News and Announcements

18 January 2021
Meeting of Astronomy and Astrophysics Advisory Committee (AAAC) on 26–27 January 2021 »  Details.
14 January 2021
NuSTAR General Observer Cycle 7 Proposal Deadline 29 January 2021 »  Details.
6 January 2021
Draft Astrophysics Explorers Program Solicitations Released for Community Comment for Solicitations for both Medium Explorer (MIDEX) and Missions of Opportunity (APEXMO) and Comments for both draft solicitations due by 25 February 2021 »  Details.
16 December 2020
The 237th Meeting of the American Astronomical Society, Virtually Anywhere, 11–15 January 2021, will include Physics of the Cosmos events. The PCOS AAS2021 Meeting page lists currently scheduled sessions, presentations, chats, and displays »  Details.
4 December 2020
Payloads and Research Investigations on the Surface of the Moon (PRISM) Step-2 Due Date. Step-2 proposals now due 3 February 2021. Step-1 proposal due date unchanged as 11 December 2020 »  Details.
4 December 2020
Release of Final text and Due Dates for ROSES Post-COVID Recovery program. Requests received by 4 January 2021 will be processed first. Final due date is 5 March 2021. »  Details.

Project News

Related News


Links

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  • NASA Official: Phil Newman
  • Web Curator: Pat Tyler
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